# Headers Extra


Add RFC-8288 compliant http response headers (and other helpers) useful for API pagination. It also follows the header casing introduced by rack version 3+ (see https://github.com/rack/rack/issues/1592).

# Synopsis

pagy.rb (initializer)
require 'pagy/extras/headers'
Controller (action)
# paginate as usual with any pagy_* backend constructor
pagy, records = pagy(collection)
# explicitly merge the headers to the response
render json: records

# Suggestions

Instead of explicitly merging the headers before each rendering, if you use rails you can get them automatically merged ( application-wide and when @pagy is available), by adding an after_action in your application controller:

Controller (after_action)
after_action { pagy_headers_merge(@pagy) if @pagy }

# and use it in any action (notice @pagy that enables the merging)
@pagy, records = pagy(collection)
render json: records

If your code in different actions is similar enough, you can encapsulate the statements in a custom pagy_render method in your application controller. For example:

Controller (pagy_render)
def pagy_render(collection, **vars)
  pagy, records = pagy(collection, vars) # any pagy_* backend constructor works
  render json: records

# and use it in your standard actions:

# Headers

This extra generates the standard link header defined in the RFC-8288, and adds 4 customizable headers useful for pagination: current-page, page-items, total-pages and total-count headers.

Example of the default HTTP headers
link <https://example.com:8080/foo?page=1>; rel="first", <https://example.com:8080/foo?page=2>; rel="prev", <https://example.
com:8080/foo?page=4>; rel="next", <https://example.com:8080/foo?page=50>; rel="last"
current-page 3
page-items 20
total-pages 50
total-count 1000

# Customize the header names

If you are replacing any of the existing API-pagination gems in some already working app, you may want to customize the header names so you will not have to change the client app that consumes them. You can do so by using the :headers variable ( see variables below)

# Variables

Variable Description Default
:headers Hash variable to customize/suppress the optional headers { page: 'current-page', items: 'page-items', count: 'total-count', pages: 'total-pages' }

As usual, depending on the scope of the customization, you can set the variables globally or for a single pagy instance.

For example, the following will change the header names and will suppress the :pages ('Total-Pages') header:

pagy.rb (initializer)
# global
Pagy::DEFAULT[:headers] = {page: 'current-page', 
                           limit: 'per-page', 
                           pages: false, 
                           count: 'total'}
# or for single instance
pagy, records = pagy(collection, 
                     headers: {page: 'current-page', 
                               limit: 'per-page', 
                               pages: false, 
                               count: 'total'})

# Methods

This method relies on the response method in your controller returning a Rack::Response object.

You should use it before rendering: it simply merges the pagy_headers to the response.headers internally.

If your app doesn't implement the response object that way, you should override the pagy_headers_merge method in your controller or use the pagy_headers method directly.

This method generates a hash of RFC-8288 compliant http headers to send with the response. It is internally used by the pagy_headers_merge method, so you usually don't need to use it directly. However, if you need to edit the headers that pagy generates (for example adding extra link headers), you can override it in your own controller.

Return only the link header as a single key Hash.